Weather in Chinese - Tiānqì - 天气

Vocabulary and example sentences for talking about the weather in Mandarin Chinese.

Clear  =  Qíng  -   晴

Cloudy  =  Duōyún  -  多云

Rainy  =  Yǔ  -  雨

Snow  =  Xuě  -  雪


* Is it hot today outside?

Jīntiān wàimian rè bù rè?   -   今天外面热不热 ?

Jīntiān -今天  = today

wàimian  -  外面  = outside

rè  -  热  =  hot              

 =/=          Lěng  -  冷  =  cold  

=>  Jīntiān wàimian Lěng bù Lěng?  -  今天外面冷不冷 ?Is it could today outside?


*Yesterday was cold, today is hot.

Zuótiān lěng, jīntiān rè.  -  昨天冷, 今天热。

Zuótiān  -  昨天  =  yesterday


*We are going to Century Park this weekend. I hope it won't rain.

Zhōumò wǒmen yào qù shìjì gōngyuán. Wǒ xīwàng bù xià yǔ.

周末 我们 要 去 世纪 公园 。 我 希望 不下雨 。

Zhōumò  -  周末  =  weekend

wǒmen  -  我们  =  we

yào qù  -  要 去  =  shall ; will ; be going to

xīwàng  -  希望  =  to hope

xià yǔ  -  下雨  =  to rain


*It's 35 degrees today.

Jīntiān sān shí wǔ dù.  -  今天 三十五 度。

sān shí wǔ  -  三十五  = 35

dù  -  度  =  degree

(photo credit ZoofyTheJi)

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Comment by Artech on November 24, 2011 at 8:21pm

We use 几度 "jǐ dù".

几 "jǐ" in question means : how much, how many.

So we can say : "Jīntiān jǐ dù?" 今天几度?

Means : What's today's temperature?

Comment by DK 大牛 on November 20, 2011 at 11:50pm
How to correctly say... "What's the temperature?"
Comment by Maya Rogers on July 4, 2011 at 11:08pm

I would also like to add two more things.

转 - Zhuǎn       It means to turn/change

You will often hear this in forecasts, talking about weather changes.

晴天转多云 - Qíngtiān zhuǎn duōyún   Means sunny weather that turns cloudy as the day goes on.

扬沙 -  Yáng shā   Scattered sand, a direct translation (It's not exactly a weather condition, but it can be included in weather forecasts. It's usually used when sand from the Gobi Desert in Mongolia is blown towards other areas, such as China. It tends to happen around early spring, and leaves the air yellow. This will usually occur during the early spring, as wind patterns shift.)

今天外面有扬沙。 Jīntiān wàimiàn yǒu yáng shā.  There's scattered sand outside.


Comment by Artech on July 4, 2011 at 10:40pm

Well said! I learned this recently, and I think it was exactly the right time with this strange weather in shanghai.

But if you want, here a perfect sentence to describe the weather these days in Shanghai :

*外面 热死了。  -    Wàimian rè sǐ le.

死  -  sǐ   -   means : to die, dead. and if you use it as an adverb "deadly" it will emphasis the adjective before it and will means "something extremely ...."

So it's like to say : it's extremely hot outside so that I can die.


nice? ha! :)


Other examples for the use of the word ( 死 - sǐ )


*我忙死了。  -  Wǒ máng sǐ le.   -   (忙 - máng  -   is  :   busy)

*我累死了。  -  Wǒ lèi sǐ le.        -   (累 -  lèi      -   is  :   tired)

If you just say  我累死了 " Wǒ lèi le."  means  : I'm tired.

If you say  我很累了 "Wǒ Hěn lèi le."  means   : I'm very tired.

And if you say  我累死了"Wǒ lèi sǐ le."  means : I'm exhausted.

Comment by Brandon on July 4, 2011 at 7:49am

Great post - is it safe to assume that this post was inspired by the ridiculously hot Shanghai weather right now? 


Did you come across any ways to use swear words / phrases to use when the weather is ridiculous or does anyone else have some they can add? 

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