How to Use the “verb + 上 shàng” Pattern in Chinese?

Learn Chinese online - How to Use the “verb + 上 (shàng)” Pattern?

Yesterday, someone asked me which verbs can be combined with the word “上(shàng)”. To be precise, which verbs can be followed by the word “shang”.  I was thus listing them, and guess maybe there are some rules here, say, "verb + 上 shàng" can indicate:

 

1.       The direction:

E.g.  他跑上楼了(tā pǎo shàng lóu le)。 He ran upstairs.

            我们慢慢爬上了山(wǒ men màn màn pá shàng le shān)We slowly climbed the mountain.

          她把衣服挂上了(tā bǎ yī fu guà shàng le)。 She hung up the clothes.

 

2.       The result:

E.g. 他喜欢上了这个地方(tā xǐ huan shàng le zhè ge dì fāng) / 女孩(nǚ hái)。 He fell in love with this place / girl.

        我们住上了新房(wǒ men zhù shàng le xīn fáng)。We moved into the new house and lived there.

        我表弟考上了大学(wǒ biǎo dì kǎo shàng le dà xué)。My cousin was admitted to the university.

 

3.       The beginning and continuance of something:

E.g.  老师刚说完(lǎo shī gāng shuō wán),同学们就议论上了(tóng xué men jiù yì lùn shàng le)。

         As soon as the teacher finished his speaking, the students began to talk about it.

         他们俩第一次见面(tā men liǎng dì yī cì jiàn miàn)就开心地聊上了(jiù kāi xīn de liáo shàng le)。
         They talked happily with each other when they first met.

        洗完衣服,她又做上晚饭了(xǐ wán yī fu, tā yòu zuò shàng wǎn fàn le)。
         After laundry, she began to cook the dinner.

 

4.       Add:

E.g. 

穿上衣服(chuān shàng yī fu): put clothes on,
         戴上手套(dài shang shǒu tào): put the gloves on,
         戴上戒指(dài shang jiè zhi): put the ring on,   
         穿上袜子(chuān shàng wà zi): put the socks on
- All these can be seen as adding the clothes / gloves / rings/ socks to someone.

         把空填上 (bǎ kòng tián shàng): fill in the blanks

- Add something to the blanks.

   

5.       Close:

E.g.

      请把门关上(qǐng bǎ mén guān shàng)。 Please close the door.
      请大家把书合上(qǐng dà jiā bǎ shū hé shàng)。Close your book, please.
      把嘴闭上(bǎ zuǐ bì shàng)。 Close your mouth.

 

This was originally published on Study More Chinese Blogs

Moving on 上 - photo credit potaufeu

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Teacher
Comment by Suray Su on August 6, 2012 at 11:30am

不客气(bú kè qì) - You're welcome.

Comment by Mack Lorden on August 6, 2012 at 11:12am

感谢了!


Teacher
Comment by Suray Su on August 6, 2012 at 10:26am

@Mack Lorden:

Yes, your understanding of number 2 is 100% right.

And for when to adding a 上, please refer to JP Villanueva 's comment. You can start with simple ones like "run up - 跑上", "climb up - 爬上", etc.

Comment by Mack Lorden on August 6, 2012 at 4:05am

This is all great but I am still kind of struggling with number 2. "The result" seems kind of ambiguous. Is it saying that something happened, and then continues in that state? Also, I am not sure when I would be speaking and think to add a 上 in there, ya know? Thanks!


Teacher
Comment by Suray Su on August 1, 2012 at 9:23am

JP Villanueva:

Well explained. Thank you! 谢谢:)

Comment by JP Villanueva on August 1, 2012 at 6:54am
Items 2, 3, and 4 all seem to show start/continue aspect. Items 1 and 5 have a high correlation with English "up" (run up, climb up, any up, close up, shut up).

Teacher
Comment by Suray Su on July 17, 2012 at 2:17pm

@shana

Quite often. Let me know your question, I'll try my best to explain it.

 

Comment by shana on July 17, 2012 at 7:52am

do people use shang a lot, it still confuses me a bit.


Teacher
Comment by Suray Su on July 11, 2012 at 2:40pm

@Ruaridh Maxwell/麦儒锐

Yes, in most cases, 下 can be used in a similar way.


Teacher
Comment by Suray Su on July 11, 2012 at 2:38pm

@sikora:

You're welcome. Very glad it's helpful.

Thanks for your link.

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