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Today we are rounding out the first five basic patterns for asking and answers questions about yourself: 1. “What is your name?” 2. “Where are you from?” 3. “What do you do?” and 4. “What do you like to do in your free time?”
If you haven't had time to answer these four questions yet, just click on them in the previous sentence and you will go back and be able to join the conversation.
Today’s question is, 5. “How many people are in your family.” Here is today’s question and answer in Chinese:
Nǐ jiā yǒu jǐ gè rén?
How many people are in your family?
A: 我家有四个人， 我太太， 两个儿子， 和我。
Wǒ jiā yǒu sì gè rén, wǒ tàitài, liǎng gè érzi, hé wǒ.
My family has four people, my wife, two sons, and I.
To tell how many people are in your family, simply replace 四 with the appropriate number: 两， 三， 四，五， 六， 七， 八， 九。(liǎng, sān, sì, wǔ, liù, qī, bā, jiǔ.) In some places, 个 (ge) is replaced by 口(Kǒu), but the words are interchangeable in this context and do not change the meaning of the sentence.
Telling about your family members can be a little more complicated in Chinese than it is in other languages, so we won’t go into a full list of vocabulary here. Below are some common names for family members that should be enough for you to express yourself clearly.
丈夫 － Zhàngfū － husband
太太 － Tàitài － wife
爸爸 － Bà ba － father
妈妈 － Māmā － mother
儿子 - Érzi – son
女儿 － Nǚ'ér － daughter
哥哥 － Gēgē － elder brother
弟弟 － Dìdì － younger brother
姐姐－ Jie3jie3 – elder sister
妹妹 － Mèimei － younger sister
男朋友 － Nán péngyǒu. - boyfriend
女朋友 － Nǚ péngyǒu. – girlfriend
What if you don't really want to talk about your family, or what if answering with a number of people seems a little awkward? Here are some other ways to answer if you are single, if you are in a relationship or if you'd just like to gracefully sidestep the question.
我结婚了。－ Wǒ jiéhūn le. – I’m married
我离婚了。－ Wǒ líhūn le. – I’m divorced.
我有伴。－ Wǒ yǒu bàn. – I’m in a relationship.
我是单身。- Wǒ shì dānshēn. – I’m single.
For pronunciation of family vocabulary, check out this page on Learn Chinese Everyday.
Now it’s your turn. Try to tell about your family in the reply below.
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