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Complement is a typical element in Chinese language. It usually goes after a verb or an adjective to describe the result, degree, direction, possibility, state, quantity or duration of an action.
My second secret focuses on the COMPLEMENT OF DURATION, which indicates how long an action or a state lasts. For example:
I slept for six hours last night.
The above sentence can be expressed in the following two ways.
Subject+ specific time + verb + duration + 的(de) + object
我 昨天晚上 睡 了四个小时（的 觉）。
Wǒ zuótiān wǎnshàng shuì le sì ge xiǎoshí (de jiào).
Subject+ specific time +( V)O+V + duration
我 昨天晚上 睡觉 睡 了四个小时。
Wǒ zuótiān wǎnshang shuìjiào shuì le sì ge xiǎoshí.
You can also longer sentences by adding more elements. For example:
Subject+ specific time + place + verb + duration + （的 de）+ object
我 昨天晚上 在家 睡 了六个小时 （的 觉）。
Wǒ zuótiān wǎnshang zàijiā shuì le liù ge xiǎoshí (de jiào) 。
I slept six hours at home last night.
Subject+ specific time + method + place + verb + duration + （的 de）+ object
我 昨天晚上 开车 回家 睡 了六个小时 （ 的 觉）。
wǒ zuótiān wǎnshang kāichē huíjiā shuì le liù ge xiǎoshí (de jiào).
Last night I drove home and slept six hours.
Ⅰ. Please try to translate the following sentences into Chinese.
Ⅱ. Change the following statement sentences into questions.
Example : 昨天我们跳舞跳了两个小时。Zuótiān wǒmen tiàowǔ tiào le liǎng gè xiǎo shí
Pattern one: 昨天你们跳舞跳了多长时间？Zuótiān nǐmen tiào wǔ tiào le duōchǎngshíjiān?
Pattern two: 昨天你们跳了多长时间舞？Zuótiān nǐmen tiào le duō chǎng shíjiān wǔ ？
Ⅲ. Make sentences with given words or expressions.
Example: 开会 kāihuì(VO) yī ge bàn xiǎoshí (Time Expression)
我们开会开了一个半小时。Wǒmen kāihuì kāi le yīgebàn xiǎoshí.
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